The Jewish Narnia?
Narnia was basically the story of Jesus Christ with the serial numbers filed off. I suppose the Jewish equivalent would be the story of Moses with the serial numbers filed off. The story is about a great leader who led his people from slavery to freedom but was unable to enter the Promised Land.
The first example that comes to mind is They Shall Have Stars by James Blish (part of the Cities in Flight series). There are two problems: 1) James Blish wasn't Jewish. 2) There were other analogues to Jews (the Hamiltonians) later in the series.
If we don't insist on the “unable to enter the Promised Land” part, there are other examples, such as Watership Down by Richard Adams or Falling Free by Lois McMaster Bujold.